Legislation

Designation :

Type of legislation :

Subject :

Designation : Montreal Protocol

Type of legislation : International regulation

Subject : Refrigerants

Description :

The Montreal Protocol is an international regulation which was signed by 25 governments and the Commission of the European Union in 1987. Its aim is to protect the ozone layer and regulate worldwide emissions from production and use of CFCs. Measures and timetable of the Montreal Protocol have been intensified in subsequent years at various conferences (London, Copenhagen, Vienna, Montreal and Beijing). The Montreal Protocol became the Regulation (EU) No 2037/2000 on substances that lead to the depletion of the ozone layer. The CFC/Halon Prohibition Ordinance came into force in Germany in 1991, and was replaced by the ChemOzonschichtV (Chemical Ozone LayerV) in 2006. Montreal Protocol to download.

Montreal Protocol Download

Designation : Kyoto Protocol

Type of legislation : International regulation

Subject : Refrigerants

Description :

The Kyoto Protocol is an international regulation, which came into force in February 2005 and has been ratified by 163 countries to date. Its aim is to reduce green house gas emissions by 5% in an obligatory period 2008-2012 in comparison to 1990 as a base. To achieve this each country has to meet its obligations. The EU for example, must reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 8%, Germany by 21%. The greenhouse gases concerned are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide (N2O) and fluorinated greenhouse gases sulphurhexafluorohydrocarbon, hydrofluorocarbons and partially halogenated hydrofluorocarbons. According to the Kyoto Protocol, greenhouse gases can be reduced by three mechanisms: the Clean Development Mechanism - CDM, Emissions Trading, and Activities Implemented Jointly - AIJ. In refrigeration and air conditioning this concerns chlorofluorocarbons and mainly the partially halogenated chlorofluorocarbons, the so-called HFCs. These are regulated by the F-gas Regulation. Kyoto Protocol to download.

Kyoto Protocol Download

Designation : F-gas regulation 842/2006

Type of legislation : European Regulation

Subject : Refrigerants

Description :

The regulation on certain fluorinated greenhouse gases, in short F-gas regulation is a European regulation. Its main aim is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In refrigeration and air conditioning this involves mainly HFCs i.e. the partially halgenated hydrofluorocarbons. The most important measures are: containment (preventing, minimising and immediate repair of leaks); recovery of F-gases for recycling, reclamation or destruction; knowledge of personnel who have to do with F-gases; reports by manufacturers, importers and exporters of quantities over 1 tonne per annum; labelling products and plants with F-gases; limitation of use under certain conditions. There is a separate directive for passenger cars. This bans refrigerants from 01.01.2007 with a GWP value over 150 in vehicles which have air conditioning with a higher leakage rate than 40 g.p.a. or 60 g.p.a. From 2017 R-134a refrigerant is banned in all new passenger cars. See also: Kyoto Protocol. F-gas Regulation for download.

F-gas regulation 842/2006 Download

Designation : CE 2037/2000

Type of legislation : European Regulation

Subject : Refrigerants

Description :

Directive 2037/2000 is a European regulation which has been in force since the year 2000. It precedes the German ChemOzonschichtV and has as its aim to prevent emissions from substances damaging to the atmosphere. In refrigeration and air conditioning this means CFCs and HCFCs, i.e. the fully and partially halogenated hydrochlorofluorocarbons. The main measures: recovery of CFCs and HCFCs: CFCs and HCFCs which are contained in the refrigeration or air conditioning plants, are to be recovered expertly during maintenance for recycling, reclamation or destroying; knowledge of personnel who have to do with CFCs/HCFCs; regular inspection and maintenance of refrigeration and air conditioning equipment with regard to leakages. See also Montreal Protocol. EU Directive 2037/2000 to download

CE 2037/2000 Download

Designation : Directive 97/23/CE on the approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning pressure equipment

Type of legislation : European directive

Subject : Safety

Description :

The Pressure Equipment Directive is a European Directive which came into force in 1997. It replaces the previous pressure vessel regulation which was in force in Germany, which became Pressure Equipment Regulation and was entered into national law in September 2002 as the 14th Regulation on the Equipment and Product Safety Law (GPSVG). The Pressure Equipment Directive concerns vessels, pipe lines equipment parts and assemblies with safety functions, pressure keeping equipment parts and assemblies to a maximum permissible pressure of 0.5 bar. The main aim of the Directive is plant safety. It prescribes the following in this connection: Requirements of the materials used: conformity inspection of the unit, which guarantees that they comply with the requirements of the Pressure Equipment Directive. This may only be carried out by an officially approved and recognized authority; CE mark for all products that are produced according to the Pressure Equipment Directive and are brought into circulation or use in the EU. The CE mark is the guarantee that conformity inspection has been carried out; requirements of the operating instructions. DIN EN 378 Part I-IV is the most important mandated standard under the Pressure Equipment Directive for refrigeration and air conditioning. 97/23/EG for download

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